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English (LCC-2) Suggestion for Fifth Semester of Calcutta University under CBCS System English Suggestions( BA General ) with Answer

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Semester 5 English - LCC-2



Three Years She Grew - William Wordsworth 


1. Give a substance of the poem " Three Years She grew". 

Ans. In the first stanza of the poem the speaker informs us t three years Lucy grew in the heat and light of sun and the showers nature. Nature says to herself that she will herself be the ruling for and the inspiring influence to her darling, Lucy. And then Nature s that there was no flower lovelier than Lucy that was ever born on earth and thus decided to take the child to her own care and rear her according to the ways of nature. Lucy is compared to a flower as she was a flower. Nature took Lucy's entire responsibility and planned to make her a fine young lady. lovely as said s that for Taking full charge of Lucy Nature will be both her law and impulse. Lucy would be raised up in the lap of nature in whose guidance Lucy would learn the laws of nature while at the same time nature would inspire emotions in her. With the accompaniment of Nature in her would be instilled the laws that will govern her conduct and at the same time fill her with impulses that will impel Lucy to act accordingly. Nature promises to make Lucy a part of herself. She will be a part of the rocks, the earth, the heaven, the glades, the mountain springs, the clouds, the trees, and the storms. Lucy would thus be an integral part of nature enjoying it and she would be in constant communion with nature. All her desires or impulses will originate with or be kindled with Nature's overseeing power. Lucy's ability to govern or to restrain them will also be provided by Nature. Nature would teach her which natural instincts Lucy should suppress and which she should express.

Nature decides that Lucy would be as joyful and merry as a young deer that leaps over grass lands and mountains. To Lucy would belong the calm and soothing aspects of nature. She would enjoy the fragrant

and healing breezes. She be the living embodiment of the soothings of the natural world. Lucy would also become an integral part of the mute, insensate things of nature and thus she would take pleasure Aspects in the silence and calmness of those aspects of Nature which are silent and without feeling. The personality and temperament of Lucy would be integrated with the different pleasurable facets of nature. Firmly affirming to guide Lucy's upbringing Nature states that the floating clouds in the sky would lend their majestic state to Lucy. The willow plant would bend down to Lucy to give her its grace and suppleness. Lucy would see grace in the motion of the storm and this grace storm would  her form with silent sympathy. The motion of the would pass into Lucy giving her elegance. In this stanza Nature lists all the properties of Nature that she intends to infuse in Lucy. Nature takes on the role of a parent in upbringing Lucy and shows what a strong bond would be shared by Lucy and Nature.

The stars of midnight would be dear to Lucy and she would adore them. She would thus appreciate the beauty of Nature. Lucy would merrily listen to the murmur of the flowing rivulets in their irregular movements. The beauteous form of Nature would lend beauty, elegance and grace to Lucy and turn her into a beautiful creature living in the lap of nature. Nature would make Lucy a charming figure.

In the sixth stanza Nature speaks of Lucy's development from a child to a matured young woman in the surroundings of Nature. Wordsworth's belief that in the company of Nature all the human potentials find full development and gets an adequate expression. Life giving forces and vital feelings of delight in the accompaniment of Nature would make Lucy tall and graceful. In due time Lucy's breasts would fully develop and she would turn into a pure and attractive maiden. Nature would inspire in Lucy's mind noble thoughts as Lucy lives with Nature in her company. Nature is delighted to have intimate connections with Lucy and fondly cherishes her company. This stanza marks the end of Nature's speech and in the last stanza of the poem we find another speaker who is impacted by the fate Lucy suffers.

2. Give the critical Appreciations of the poem " Three Years She Grew". 

3. How has been Nature been portrayed in the poem " Three Years She Grew in Sun and shower " by William Wordsworth  ? 

4. Comment on Wordsworth Attitude to nature in the poem " Three Years She Grew" .

5. How did Lucy grow in the lap of nature in " Three Years She Grew" ? 

6. Write a note on the title of the poem " Three Years She Grew"

7. Describe Lucy based on the poem “Three Years She grew in Sun and Shower” by William Wordsworth. 

Ans: Ans: The poem "Three Years She Grew in Sun and Shower" by William Wordsworth focuses chiefly on the relationship between Lucy  and Nature. This view of Nature is given from the speaker's point of view. Nature becomes the domineering character in the poem. The speaker has painted Nature as a dominating and powerful force, She being the reason of his loneliness and sorrow at the death of his dear Lucy. Nature has been personified throughout the poem. The arrogance and superiority of Nature find adequate expression in the poem.

Nature decides to become both Lucy's law and impulse and Nature too will govern Lucy's desires and impulses. Lucy's entire life will be influenced by Nature and Nature too will render every aspect of Her kingdom serviceable to Lucy- "The floating clouds their state shall lend / To her; for her the willow bend." Nature open handedly gives Lucy all Her beauty and Lucy's own beauty comes from the sensory experiences she gets in her stay with Nature. As Lucy belongs entirely to Nature, She gives Lucy everything; but as Lucy blooms into full maturity Nature does not hesitate to take her i.e. Lucy dies - which reveals the dual aspect of Nature towards her favourite child Lucy. While all the beauty of Nature has been endowed in Lucy, Nature by Her possessiveness ultimately destroys Lucy.

Lucy's death forces the speaker to realize that Lucy belongs wholly to Nature and that Nature becomes his powerful opponent who will not share Lucy with him. The speaker feels that he has lost Lucy to Nature and in this respect the poem seems like the complaint of a lover against Nature for the loss of his beloved. Nature emerges as the speaker's victorious rival. Death ends all lives but death has come much sooner to Lucy because of her closer associations with Nature. The speaker implies that if Lucy had not been Nature's favourite, she would have been alive and close to her beloved. "While she and I together live / Here in this happy dell." - These lines contrast Nature living happily with Lucy with the speaker's loneliness on the heath at the end of the poem.

In this poem where Nature is the major character, death that Nature ultimately causes to Lucy has been foreshadowed in many places. This is captured pretty well in the lines "And hers shall be the breathing balm, / And hers the silence and the calm / Of mute insensate things. These lines suggest the calm and quite scene Lucy leaves to her lover with her death. Lucy leaves the speaker with only her memory and the speaker seems to have calmly accepted her death.

In conclusion it can be said that Nature provides a world of delight and movement to Lucy but Nature emerges as dominating as possessive. The death that Nature causes Lucy may not make the poem as desolate as other Lucy poems, but the end of the poem definitely makes the poem sorrowful.


Break , Break, Break - Alfred Lord Tennyson 

1.Give a Substance of Tennyson's "Break , Break, Break" .

2. Give a Critical Appreciation of Tennyson's "Break , Break, Break" . 

3. Bring out the picture of nature in Tennyson's "Break , Break, Break" . 

4. Bring out the contrasting elements in Tennyson's "Break , Break, Break

 Ans: Tennyson observes the waves as they continue crashing agains the cliffs. In contrast to this eternal motion of the sea Tennysons life seems to have come to a standstill at the death of his dear friend Arthur Henry Hallam whom he mourns in the poem. The continuity of nature stands in sharp contrast to the final blow of death that stops everything .The jocund days the poet spent with his friend will never return the world continues its own course. 

nature although

The poet and the sea are in opposite emotional states. While the keeps moving powerfully and gives a powerful outlet to its energy, the poet is unable to utter the thoughts that arise in him. Hence he lacks the sea's ability to express himself. The speaker wants to voice his feelings but finds it extremely difficult to do so. He faces a turmoil within him and wishes that it were easier for him to express himself. sea

As the poet describes the happy scenes of nature around him - the shout of the children at play and the carefree singing of the sailor lad who enjoy life, the grief of the poet becomes even more poignant. The world seems indifferent to the huge loss he faces. Life continues even though extreme grief immobilises the poet. The cruelty of nature in the first stanza is in opposition to the light hearted setting of the second stanza. This contrasting image however symbolises the poet's own state of mind and his psychological perception of nature which highlights the fact that the poet's irrepairable loss goes unnoticed by the world. The happiness of the world around him contrasts with his desolate state in which he is unable to register any kind of happiness from life.

The poet yearns to touch the vanished hand of his friend Arthur Henry Hallam and longs to listen to his voice. The moving forward of the ships to their destination and the poet's looking back to the vanished hand and the still voice form a contrasting image in the poem. The themes of memory and nostalgia become integral elements of the poem. The smooth onward journey of the ships also contrasts with the difficulty of the poet to move on in life.

The realization of the poet that the past cannot be retrieved freezes him in place and he is filled with the longing of relieving the past when his friend was alive. Tennyson is faced with an intense desire of retrieving the and an extreme difficulty of accepting the present. This makes past moving forward hugely difficult for the poet in the face of the world's indifference with his loss and his inability to perceive any sympathy in nature towards him.


5.  Consider the poem "Break , Break, Break" as a poem of mourning

 6. How does Lord Tennyson depict the sea and its surroundings in his poem “Break, Break, Break”? 


In the first stanza of the poem Tennyson addresses the waves of the sea and tells the waves to continue crashing against the cold gray stones of the shore. Tennyson speaks to the waves of the sea although he knows that the waves are unable to give any reply to him. This address to the sea gives us the setting of the poem. We understand that the poet is standing near the sea and he sees the environment as hostile. As the stones are called cold the landscape becomes desolate and ruthless. The poet and the sea are in opposite emotional states. While the sea keeps moving powerfully and gives a powerful outlet to its Aenergy, the poet is unable to utter the thoughts that arise in him. Hence, he lacks the sea's ability to express himself. The thoughts that the poet cannot utter overwhelm him with the same violence with which the waves crash upon the shore.

The images of the sea in the second stanza are presented in happy terms. this stanza the poet describes the fisherman's boy shouting at play with his sister and a sailor lad singing on his boat on the bay. This stanza shows the speaker having a different experience with the sea. Whereas nature in the previous stanza is described in bleak terms, here people are described to be in harmony with nature. But this also shows that these people mal experience the sea differently than the poet. The children are able to enjoy life and they have one another's company, similarly the sailor lad has his boat and his song to enable him express himself but the speaker is all alone. The poet's inability to deal with his emotions make him focus on the environment. The happiness evidenced in the shouts of the children and the lad's song make the readers realise that the world around the poet is in fact not as desolate as it appears in the previous stanza. But the happy state of these people, as they enjoy on the sea, is unable to bring any change in the speaker's mood. It is also worth noticing that that the sea appears to be calm as the sailor enjoys himself in his boat on the bay and thus the readers understand that the poet's descriptions of nature are influenced  by his emotional state. The happiness of the world around him is inaccessible to the poet and the world seems indifferent to the poet's suffering and loss.

In the third stanza the poet continues his observation of the sea. The poet sees stately ships moving towards their destinations. The destination of the ships floating on the sea is stated in ambiguous terms. The term 'haven' is used in the sense of retreat or refuge. 'Haven' implies an idyllic destination which is safe, comfortable and free from worries. The destination of the ships seems so perfect it seems heavenly. This also has a sense of the ships passing from the world of the living into the world of the divine. Through these implications we are made to realise that the poet's sorrow has something to do with loss resulting from death of someone very dear. The contrasting image of the sea that figures in this stanza is of the ships moving forward to an attainable destination that seems heavenly while the poet looks back to the vanished hand and the still voice that he can no longer have any access to.

In the last stanza the poet continues repeats the first lines of the poem 'Break, break, break' and we come to know that he continues watching the waves crashing upon the shore. This ceaseless breaking of the sea waves against the rocks reminds us of the continuity of life irrespective of anybody's circumstances. The poet again resorts to a bleak image of the sea as he reflects once again upon the memory of his beloved friend who is now dead and realises the impossibility of recapturing or relieving the past when his dear friend was alive. The happy images of the sea that the poet presented in the previous stanzas remained unable to relief him of the sense of desolation that he experiences. The readers realise that the poet's state of melancholy would make it difficult for him to experience happiness for quite some time.


To India My Native Land  - Henry Louis Vivian Derozio 

1.  Give a Substance of Derozio's  " To India , My Native Land" . 

2. Give a Critical Appreciations of Derozio's " To India , My Native Land" . 

3. Consider Derozio's " To India , My Native Land" as a patriotic Poem . 

or Examine Derozio’s “To India, My Native Land” as a sonnet

Ans.: Derozio considered himself an Indian although his mother was an English woman and his father an Indian. He was born in Calcutta and had immense love for India and his patriotism is evident in many of his writings. The poem "To India, My Native Land" was written when the country was under British control. Under the British Raj India and its people were exploited and India lost all its past glory.

Any improvement in the living standard of the Indians seemed impossible and India reached a stagnant condition. Under the current deplorable condition of India, the country's glorious past had been forgotten by everybody. In the poem Derozio glorified India's past and grieved over India's current miserable state. Derozio was the founder the Young Bengal movement and actively participated in India's freedom struggle against the British. While teaching in the Hindu College, Derozio promoted radical thoughts through his teachings. He organised debates and discussions on a variety of subjects and influenced the students bringing about an intellectual revolution. young

The students of Derozio, known as Young Bengal criticised irrational social norms and standards and spoke for liberty, equality and freedom on all fronts. Inspired by the French Revolution, Derozio advocated radical thoughts which did not find ready acceptance in the orthodox Hindu society. Derozio's thoughts and teachings profoundly influenced the Bengal Renaissance movement in the early 19th century Bengal. Derozio as a radical social reformer contributed significantly to Bengal's social and freedom movement. He criticised many British practices against the Indians and wanted better treatment of the Indian by the British. His spirit of revolution and his ardent patriotism is evident in "To India, My Native land" and other poems like "The Harp of India".

4. Evalute Derozio's " To India , My Native Land" as a poem of rebellion against the British imperial rule in India . 

5. Consider the Appropriatencess of the title of the poem " To India , My Native Land" .


Gitanjali 50  - Rabindranath Tagore 

1.  Give a Substance of Tagore's Gitanjali 50 . 

2. Give a Critical Appreciation of Tagore's Gitanjali . 

Ans.: "Gitanjali" is the spiritual quest of the poet for the Divine expressed in the form of poetry. "Gitanjali, 50" represented God as a human figure who taught the value of charity to the beggar. The beggar was on his usual round of begging at the village roads when suddenly he beheld a majestic being in his golden chariot. This king of all kings in his gorgeous chariot seemed like a dream to the beggar. He wondered who this kingly being was. An atmosphere of mystery regarding the identity of the kingly person pervades the entire poem until his identity is revealed in the very last stanza of the poem.

The grandeur of the sight gave high hopes to the beggar who thought that his days of misery would end soon. He expected unlimited wealth to be given to him even without his asking for alms. The beggar thought that it befit such a kingly person to distribute wealth open handedly. He expected valuables to be scattered on the sides of the village road. Even this stanza kept the suspense intact. The thoughts of the beggar were revealed but the purpose of the chariot's appearance still remained clouded. However, the aspiration of the beggar for wealth surfaced clearly in the second stanza.

The chariot neared towards the beggar and the kingly being descended down the chariot with a smile on his face. This further heightened the beggar's hope for possession of wealth unasked for. However, in a stroke of irony, contrary to the high expectations of the beggar, this king of all kings with outstretched hand towards the beggar asked the beggar what he had to give to him. Along with the beggar this strange gesture of the kingly person surprises the readers greatly such a poor man. The suspense heightens at this point and this reversal and we wonder what motif could this person have in asking alms from of the order of things arouses tension in the readers as to what would come next.

joke and was left thoroughly undecided as to his next move. The Utterly confused at this gesture the beggar wondered at the kingly jole and was left thoroughly undecided as to his next move .

The indecision of the beggar revealed his miserly heart. He slowly opened his wallet to take out the smallest piece of grain to offer to the majestic being. His slowly opening his bag further exposed the contrast between his high hopes of getting and his extreme miserliness in giving. Charity seemed to be beyond the beggar's nature. But the person who seemed to be the king of all kings received his gift of the smallest corn any complaint. This fact highlighted the opposite nature of both the persons. The displeasure of the beggar in being asked for alms showed his selfishness and his complaints with the world. He was not satisfied with his state and could not find fulfilment in life. Such unhappy people can never be free givers and always remain bound by materialism. without

Most surprising of all was what the beggar beheld at the end of the day upon returning home. As he emptied his collected alms from his bag he found a small grain of golden corn. This was the climactic moment of the beggar's realisation that the majestic being in the human form was none other than God. Realising his irrevocable folly he wept bitterly and thought if he had the heart to give his all his intense desire for the betterment of his life would have become a reality. Real satisfaction lies in giving, not in taking; but the beggar came to this understanding too late in life. Generosity, selfless devotion and purity of heart ultimately lead a man towards spirituality, sheer materialism bounds a person to the surface grandeur of the world and paves the way to damnation. The poem teaches the virtue of charity.

3. What religious fervour do you find in Tagore's Gitanjali 50 ? 

4. Bring out the meaning of Tagore's Gitanjali 50 . 

5. Evaluate Tagore's  Gitanjali 50 as an Allegory . 


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